ayurvedic choorn and tablet

ayurvedic choorn and tablets

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Contact 9730175469 / 9730173696.

Here you will get basic information about Ayurvedic Choorn/tablets manufacturing, for more details, click here

Basic requirements for Ayurvedic Choorn/tablets Manufacturing:

• Land: 10000 sq. ft.
• Electricity: 50hp
• Manpower: 8 to 9

Raw material requirements:

Raw materials is different type of herbal plants, mineral, sugar, honey, Bhasmaetc are available indigenously and consumables including packaging materials like glass bottles, paper containers etc. is available in the Haryana and nearest states

Machinery requirements:

• Pulveriser with 7.5 Hp and 2.5 HP motor
• Disintegrator with 7.5 Hp size with sieve of different mesh size
• Wooden vessel for fermentation with lid, Cap. 50 ltrs
• M.S. Vat cap. 750 kg.
• Earthen Pots with lid for bhasma production cap. 2 kg.
• Tableting machine
• Bottle filling machine
• Bottle Sealing Machine
• S.S. mixing Vessel with stirrer Cap. 200 ltrs.
• M.S. pastle& Motor
• Water treatment/Distillation plant
• Earthen Vatti
• Weighing Scale 100Kg. Cap.
• Weighing Scale 5 Kg. Cap.
• Filtering unit fitted with paper & cloth
• Cane Bamboobaskets, Glass jar big & small with stopper
• S.S. vessel with stopper 5 ltrs, 10 ltrs. & 100 ltrs.cap.
• Hot Air oven with 24 trays 0.5 HP motor
• Bottle washing & Drying machine
• Aluminum containers for storage of powders/raw material
• Firefighting and pollution control equipments
• Testing equipments

Manufacturing process:

1. Arishta&Asava :
Asavas and Arishtas are made by soaking the herb either in powder form or in the form of decoction (Kasaya) in a solution of sugar or jaggery, as the case may be, for a specific period of time, during which it undergoes a process of fermentation generating alcohol and facilitate the extraction of the active ingredients contained in the drugs. The alcohol so generated, also act as a preservative.
a) Aristha :
The drugs in the text are coarsely powdered and kasaya is prepared. The kasaya is strained and kept in a fermentation pot, sugar of honey according to the formula is dissolved, boiled and added. Drugs mentioned as praksepadravyasare finely powdered and added. At the end, dhatakipuspa, if included in the formula, should properly cleaned and added. The mouth of the pot, vessel or barrel is covered with an earthen lid and the edges sealed with clay smeared cloth in seven consecutive layers. The container is kept either in special room, in an underground cellar or in a heap of paddy, so as to ensure that for duration of fermentation, as far as possible, a constant temperature is maintained, since varying temperature may impede or accelerate the fermentation.
After the specified period, the lid is removed and the contents examined to ascertain whether the process of fermentation (sandhana) has been completed. The fluid is first decanted and then strained after two or three days. When the fine particles settle down, it is a strained and bottled.
b) Asava :
The required quantity of water, to which jaggery or sugar as prescribed in the formula is added, is boiled and cooled. This is poured into the fermentation pot, vessel or barrel. Fine powder of the drugs mentioned in the formula are added. The container is covered with a lid and the edges are sealed with clay smeared cloth wound in seven consecutive layers. The rest of the process is as in the case of Arista.
2. Rasayan Rasa or Rasa Yoga :
Ayurvedic medicine containing mineral drugs as main ingredients are called Rasa Rasayan or Rasa-Yoga. They are in pill form or in powder form. First minerals such as Abhraka. Drugs such as abhrakamaksika, svarna, rajata, tamra, karmsya etc. are used only in bhasma form in these preparations. Drugs such as gandhaka, manahisila etc. are used in purified from. Where rasa and gandhaka are drugs, kajjali (Mixture of equal amount of sulphar& mercury) isprepared first with these tow and then only other drugs are added in small quantities and ground in the khalva itself and mixed well.
Bhavana with the prescribed svarasa, kvatha etc.; should be given to this for a prescribed period.
3. Goggula:
Ayurvedic medicines prepared from and exudate (Niryasa) obtained from the plant commipharamukul, are known as Goggula. There are five different varieties of goggula in Ayurvedicshastra. But usually two varieties, mahisakasaand kanaka are preferred for medical preparation. Exudate in small pieces are taken in a piece of cloth and boiled in gomutra or Dugdha or Triphalakasaya until the exudate passes into the fluid through the cloth to the maximum. The fluid after filtering is boiled till it forms a mass. After drying the mass is formed into a paste by adding ghee till it becomes waxy.
4. Taila :
Taila are prepared by boiling prescribed kasayas (decoction) and kalkas of drugs in oils according to the formula prescribed in Ayurvedic formulary. In normal practice taila oil is used as basic oil for preparation of such Ayurvedic oils.
There are generally three essential components for the preparation of
sneha (ghrta or taila) viz :
i) drava ( a liquid which may be one or more as kasava, svarasa, dugdha, mastu, etc.);
ii) kaka ( a fine paste of the drugs(s);
iii) snehadravya (ghrta, taila, etc.).
5. Parpati :
First kajjali is prepared with purified Mercury and Sulphur. Other drugs mentioned in the formula are added one by one and filtered by trituration in a khslbs. The powder put in iron vessel and kept over fire in he sikatayantra. A shallow pit in fresh cow dung is made and a kadali leaf or an eranda leaf is spread over the pit. When the medicine melts and becomes liquid it is poured on the lead carefully. Another leaf is covered over it and fresh cow dung is spread and gently pressed. After it is allowed to cool the flakes of the medicine are removed and powdered. The other drugs as per Ayurvedic formulary are added and mixed well in grinder.
6. Lauha :
Lauhakapas are preparations of LohaBhasma as main ingredient with other drugs. The other active ingredients are made to fine powder and mixed with LohaBhasma.
The drugs are reduced to fine powder and mixed with lohabhasma.
Bhavana is given with prescribed liquids, if mentioned.7. Vati or Gutika :
Ghrita are preparations in which ghee is boiled with prescribed kasayas(Decoction) and kalkas of drugs according to formulation as per Ayurvedicformulary.
8. AvalehaModakPaak :-
Avaleha or Lehya is a semi solid preparation of drugs. These are prepared by the addition of jaggery sugar or sugar candy and boiled with prescribed drug juices decoction. Honey, if required, is added when the preparation is cold kand mixed well.
These preparations generally have (1) kasaya or other liquids, (2) jaggery, sugar or sugar candy, (3) powders or pulps of certains drugs; and (4) ghee, of oil and honey, Jaggery, sugar or sugar candy is dissolved in the liquid and strained to remove the foreign particles. This solution is boiled over a moderate fire.
When the paka (Phanita) is thready (tantumat) when pressed between two fingers of when if sinks in water without getting easily dissolved, it should be removed from the fire. Fine powders of drugs are then added in small quantities and stirred continuously and vigorously to form a homogenous mixture well. Honey, if mentioned is added when the preparation is cool and mixed well.
9. Churna :
Churna is a fine powder from of drugs. All the herbs and other active ingredients are cleaned, dried and powdered together by mechanical means, to the fineness of at least 80 mech. Drugs mentioned in the Yoga are cleaned and dried properly. They are finely powdered and sieved. Where there are a number of drugs in a yoga, the drugs are separately powdered and sieved. Each one of them (powder) is wieghed separately, and well mixed together. As some of the drugs contain more fibrous matter then others, this method of powdering and weighing them separately, according to the yoga and then mixing them together, is preferred separately, according to the yoga and then mixing them together, is preferred.

Source:

http://www.dcmsme.gov.in/reports/ayurvedicmedicines.pdf

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