Alkaline Batteries Manufacturing

Alkaline Batteries manufacturing

Visit this plant and see actual production

Contact 9730175469 / 9730173696.

Here you will get basic information about alkaline batteries manufacturing, for more details, click here

Basic requirements:

• Land: 10000 sq. ft.
• Electricity: 50hp
• Manpower: 9 to 10

Raw material requirements:

In an alkaline battery, the cylinder that contains the cells is made of nickel-plated steel. It is lined with a separator that divides the cathode from the anode and is made of either layered paper or a porous synthetic material. The canister is sealed at one end with an asphalt or epoxy sealant that underlies a steel plate, and at the other with a brass nail driven through the cylinder. This nail is welded to a metal end cap and passed through an exterior plastic seal. Inside the cylinder, the cathode consists of a mixture of manganese dioxide, graphite, and a potassium hydroxide solution; the anode comprises zinc powder and a potassium hydroxide electrolyte.

Machinery requirements:

• Hydraulic Crimping Machine
• Alkaline batteries assembly line
• Press machine
• Testing Equipments

Manufacturing process:

Alkaline batteries are manufactured in standardized cylindrical forms interchangeable with zinc-carbon batteries, and in button forms. Several individual cells may be interconnected to form a true “battery”, such as those sold for use with flashlights and the 9 volt transistor-radio battery.
A cylindrical cell is contained in a drawn stainless steel can, which is the cathode connection. The positive electrode mixture is a compressed paste of manganese dioxide with carbon powder added for increased conductivity. The paste may be pressed into the can or deposited as pre-molded rings. The hollow center of the cathode is lined with a separator, which prevents contact of the electrode materials and short-circuiting of the cell. The separator is made of a non-woven layer of cellulose or a synthetic polymer. The separator must conduct ions and remain stable in the highly alkaline electrolyte solution.
The negative electrode is composed of a dispersion of zinc powder in a gel containing the potassium hydroxide electrolyte. The zinc powder provides more surface area for chemical reactions to take place, compared to a metal can. This lowers the internal resistance of the cell. To prevent gassing of the cell at the end of its life, more manganese dioxide is used than required to react with all the zinc. Also, plastic-made gasket is usually added to increase leakage resistance.
Aluminium foil is wrapped as the final process of battery manufacturing, as a decoration as well as providing superior protection for the battery compared to a cardboard wrapper.
When describing AAA, AA, C, sub-C and D size cells, the negative electrode is connected to the flat end, and the positive terminal is the end with the raised button. This is usually reversed in button cells, with the flat ended cylindrical can being the positive terminal.

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